Dr Suman Bijlani, Gynaecologist, Sonologist, Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician and Laparoscopic Surgeon, Mumbai.

Fertile period and safe period

It is one of the commonest doubts in the minds of women- when to have intercourse to get pregnant or when not to have to avoid a pregnancy!

To know the fertile period, you must understand that a woman’s ovary produces an egg every month (known as ovulation) and this happens in mid-cycle, meaning that if you have regular 28-30 days’ menstrual cycles, you are likely to ovulate

on day 14-15 counting from the first day (the day you start bleeding).

Thus you are most likely to conceive if you indulge from day 10 to day 19 of your cycle, you are most likely to get pregnant. Since the egg and the sperm remain can stay alive for about 2 days in the womb, you need not have intercourse every day. Even alternate day sexual contact is sufficient.

On the other hand, if you wish to avoid pregnancy, you should avoid sex during those days or use a condom.

Please note that this technique of calculating your fertile or safe days does not stand if your periods are irregular or if you have very long or short cycles.

Also, for those of you who do not wish to get pregnant, please understand that the safe period is not so safe! It is better to use a regular birth control method than land up with an unwanted pregnancy.

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